What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Name Email Address Question Thank you! Oops! Related Contents If You're In An Accident Learn the best steps to take after you’ve been in an automobile accident with this useful, step-by-step video. Errors and Omissions Insurance E&O insurance is specifically designed to protect you, or your company, from the risk of a client’s dissatisfaction. Protecting Those Who Matter Most The importance of life insurance, how it works, and how much coverage you need.